A mesmerizing country of ancient civilization, Egypt’s culture and mysterious past fascinate generation after generation. Your trip begins in Cairo, the most populated metro area in Africa. See the Sphinx, Valley Temple, and the great Giza Pyramids, standing since approximately 2560 BC. Enjoy the National Archaeological Museum, and Coptic Cairo, originally a Roman fortress town called “Babylon,” and the Saladin Citadel. Follow the Nile Delta to Alexandria on the Mediterranean Sea. Following the Mediterranean coastal road, stop in El Alamein, where two decisive battles were fought during WWII, then carry on to Marsa Matruh, a large waterfront town with beautiful white beaches. En route back to Cairo, visit one of the ancient Coptic monasteries and do some last-minute souvenir shopping at Khan-el-Khalili bazaar.
Arrival in Cairo international airport, Meet & Assist at the airport and after going through Immigration, Baggage Claim and Customs, Lunch on way to hotel. After lunch Transfer to the hotel, and overnight
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE DAY THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA Pyramids of Choeps, Chepren and Mycerious. The great pyramids are the only ones surviving of the seven wonders of the ancient world. They are Egypt's most visited monuments and among the worlds greatest tourist attractions.The Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids as tombs to preserve the bodies of their dead kings, especially that they believed in resurrection and immortality, The Pyramids of Giza lie at the western edge of Greater Cairo, about 10 kms from downtown, and comprise: The Great Pyramid The most famous structure in the world and the only surviving of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was built by King Khufu (Cheops) of the IV Dynasty around 2650 BC. lts height now is 137 m (original height: 146 m). Almost 2.5 million blocks of stone were put into building this pyramid. All this, however, dwindles when compared to the precision and astounding ability of the ancient Egyptian in building this pyramid. Close to the eastern flank of the Pyramid of Khufu lie three small pyramids dedicated either to his wives or family members. TheSecond Pyramid Built by Khafre (Chephren), south-west of his father's (Khufu's) pyramid though lower in height: 136 m. It still retains, on some of its upper parts, the remains of the limestone that had once covered it all. At the base, it measures 215.5 m square. lts interior is simple, with two entrances on the north side. The visitor can also still see the remains of Khafre's mortuary temple, the Temple of the Valley, and rising causeway. These temples witnessed the religious rites during the embalming of the body. The Third Pyramid Built by Menkaure (Mycerinus), south-west of the Great and Second Pyramids. It is much smaller than either one (62 m high). It is distinguished by the fact that the lower part of its sides still retain their granite slab coverings. THE SPHINX On the way to the Temple of the Valley, lies the large statue of the Sphinx. The Sphinx is carved from a single piece of stone. One of most famous monuments in the world, it is indeed a legendary statue for it has the body of lion and the face of a man. lt is 70 m long and 20 m high. The face of the Sphinx closely resembles that of King Kephren. Lunch at local restaurant. THE PERFUMERY Since time immemorial the Egyptians have been extracting essential oils for essences. Here you have a chance to experience the aromas like, 'The secrets of the desert,' 'The lotus' and all popular international designer perfumes and colognes. THE PAPYRUS The papyrus was first made in ancient Egypt- learn how to manufacture this paper using papyrus reeds. And you have an opportunity to buy some hand painted papyrus. In the evening there is Nile cruise dinner, which lasts for 2 hours, sailing on the Nile with Folkloric Shows and Belly Dancers. At the end of this cruise you will be driven back to your hotel.
Breakfast at the hotel and proceed for Full Day Cairo Tour Highlights of the day: EGYPTIAN MUSEUM Called the museum of the Egyptian antiquities, it is one of the greatest museums you will ever see, housing an unrivalled collection of antiquities reaching back 5000years. Famous Mosques in Cairo Then we start our full day tour to visit the most famous mosques in Cairo Mosques - To the Mosques starting With : (Ibn Tulun) mosque which is the best perserved of the very early islamic structures in cairo dates back to (876-879) and one of the largest mosques in the world it built over an area of about 6 and half feddans with the extentions. And climb its high spiral minartes 40 m.high. (Al-Azhar) mosque the first shiite mosque built by the fatimed in 970 A.D Today Al-Azhar turned into a theological school. And the leading university for the studay of religion.
Breakfast at the hotel. then Transfer to Alexandria by road (2.5 hrs approx) , arrive Alexandria Highlights of the day: THE CATACOMBS OF KOM EL SHOUKAFA. Kom El Shoukafa is an underground wonder world of ornate carvings and paintings and a mixture of Roman and Egyptian designs. It is the largest Roman Funerary complex in Egypt. And dates from the second century A.D. This warren of tombs, on three levels, also contains the Triclinium, where relatives used to sit on stone benches to feast the dead, and a central tomb with reliefs of bearded serpents. Inside are 2nd century A.D. statues of Sobek and Anubis wearing roman armor. CITADEL OF FORT QAITBEY This citadel is the further most edifices on the harbors arm. The fort is on the original site of the Pharos, Alexandria’s ancient lighthouse, built in 279 BC to a height of 12 meters and topped with the statue of Poseidon. Although Pharos was restored at various times it had finally crumbled by the time the original fort was built here, in the 1480’s. This magnificent structure houses Fort Qait Beys naval museum. MONTAZAH GARDEN. A private park where world leaders often meet, 150 acres of numerous trees, palms. Over Night Alexandria
Breakfast at the hotel. Then Transfer to Cairo by road (2.5 hrs approx), Arrive Cairo